Amber Wolf Platon


   The exact date of birth of Plato is unknown. Following ancient sources, most researchers believe that Plato was born in 428-427 BC. e. in Athens or Aegina in the midst of the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta. According to the ancient tradition, the day of his birth is the 7th Targelion (May 21), a festive day in which, according to mythological legend, the god Apollo was born on the island of Delos. Plato was born into a family of aristocratic origin, his father's family, Ariston (465-424), ascended according to the legends to the last king of Attica Codru, and the mother's ancestor, Perictions, was the Athenian reformer Solon. Also, according to Diogenes Laertius, Plato was conceived immaculately. Peritection was the sister of Harmid and Critia, two famous figures from among the Thirty-Tyrants of the short-lived oligarchic regime that followed the disintegration of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War.  She was a writer, known for her works "On Harmony in a Woman" and "On Wisdom". In addition to Plato, Ariston and Peritection had three more children: two sons - Adimant and Glavcon, and the daughter of Poton, the mother of Speusippus. According to the text of the State, Adamant and Glavcon were older than Plato . However, Xenophon in his Memorials reports that Glavkon was younger than Plato . The first teacher of Plato was Cratilus. Around 408 BC. e. Plato became acquainted with Socrates and became one of his disciples. It is characteristic that Socrates is an invariable participant of practically all works of Plato, written in the form of dialogues between historical and sometimes fictional characters. After the death of Socrates in 399 BC. e. Plato went to Megara. According to legend, he visited Cyrene and Egypt during the 399-389 period. In 389, he went to southern Italy and Sicily, where he communicated with the Pythagoreans. "Plato later went to Sicily, with the help of Dionysius of Syracuse, to establish there an ideal state in which philosophers would take the reins of government instead of a bowl of poison."  In 387, Plato returned to Athens, where he founded his own school - the Academy. Subsequently, he again visited Sicily in 366 and 361 BC. e. at the invitation of his friend and devotee Dion . According to ancient legends, Plato died on his birthday in 347 BC. e. (in the 13th year of the reign of the Macedonian king Philip). He was buried in the Academy. According to Diogenes Laertius, the real name of Plato is Aristocles (dr.-Greek Αριστοκλής, literally, "best glory"). Under this name, he is buried. Plato is a nickname (from the Greek word "plato" is the latitude) meaning "broad, broad-shouldered", given to him by the wrestler Ariston of Argos, his gymnastics teacher, for the strong constitution of Plato. However, some believe that he is so nicknamed for the breadth of his word, and Neanf - what a wide forehead.  On the contrary, there are studies showing that the legend of his name "Aristocles" arose during the Hellenistic period 

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