Amber Wolf Richard the Lionheart

 

  Richard the Lionheart 

   Richard I was born in Oxford on September 8, 1157th. His parents were King Henry II Plantagenet and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine.    Richard was the third son, so he was not originally considered as the heir of his father, which left a mark on the character of the future great king.   

  Trust between father and son during the life of Henry II was not. This was promoted by the constant internecine wars of Richard with his brothers John (John) and Jeffrey.   

 In September 1189, Richard was crowned in Westminster Abbey. After the acceptance of power, Richard began the organization

     This idea was supported by the Pope Clement III, on whose ardent appeal the greatest masters of the Catholic world responded: German Friedrich I Barbarossa and French ruler Philip II August.

      Richard, given the experience of past crusades, insisted that the warriors in the Holy Land travel by sea. Along the way, on October 3, when the soldiers of the cross arrived in Sicily, due to an insignificant occasion, a real war with the local inhabitants began.       Richard's troops won, but because of this delay the expedition was postponed until the spring of 1190. On May 6, 1190th, Richard's crusaders capture Cyprus from the emperor Isaac Comnenus. In the battle of Richard is distinguished by exceptional valor and courage.

    On May 12 in Cyprus in the captured capital of Comnenus, Richard celebrated his wedding with Berengaria of Navarre. Shortly thereafter, peace was concluded with the emperor on the most difficult conditions for the latter. However, the ingenious Greek did not think to give up and treacherously violated the terms of the peace agreement.     On May 31, the emperor was defeated, shackled in silver shackles (since Richard gave the floor to not encase him in iron) and sent to one of the remote Syrian castles. So Richard became the owner of the island of Crete.   

On July 11, the Christian army seizes Akra after a two-year siege. But among the Christian rulers, serious disagreements arose over the identity of the future king of these lands. As a result of disagreements, the French King Philip, together with his army, left the camp of the soldiers of the Cross. Richard became the only leader of the Crusaders.

    On August 20, the Muslim ruler Saladin was unable to collect a ransom of 200,000 gold. In response, Richard ordered the slaughter of two thousand Muslims in front of the gate of Aqrah, who lived in the city as hostages. It was for this "feat" that he received the nickname "Lionheart".

     Shortly after this massacre, Richard, at the head of a large Christian army, moves from Acre to Jerusalem. On the coast of Arzuf, the Egyptian sultan ambushed the soldiers of the Cross. September 7, 1191 in a brilliant counterattack, the Muslims were defeated, they lost more than 7,000 people. Crusaders were killed not more than 700.

   After that, Saladin never got involved with Richard in an open fight. In the winter of 1192 Richard began a campaign against Jerusalem. However, the offensive drowned. The Crusaders returned to Askelon, destroyed by the troops of Saladin. All the soldiers rushed to rebuild the city, Richard, along with the rest, personally wore stones for construction.

     In May, the crusaders took a strong fortress Darumu attack and moved to Jerusalem. However, Saladin attacked the city of Joppa, and Richard was forced to return and eliminate the danger.     Soon, the king heard rumors of lawlessness, carried out in England by his brother John. Richard made peace with Saladin and went to England. On the way to Vienna, on December 21, Richard was seized by the Austrians and placed in the castle of Durenstein. Soon this crowned prisoner was bought by Emperor Henry VI. In February 1194 Richard was released, after a lied oath to this Bishop and in March he was already in England. John's supporters did not dare fight with Richard and lay down their arms. After that, Richard forgave his brother. While the legitimate king was not, the lord of France Philippe conquered a number of territories of the English crown on the continent.

     Richard opposed the French and forced Philip to conclude a fragile peace. In 1198, Richard overlaid the castle of Viscount Ademar Limoges, who was a secret supporter of the French king. March 26, 1199 Richard in one helmet went to the insanely insolent assault. As a result, he was wounded in the neck with a crossbow arrow. From the onset of blood poisoning on April 6, 1199, Richard I English died. For descendants, he forever remained a warrior who cares about his glory more than about the well-being of his power and the welfare of his subjects.

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